This is the Master Course Stone- it is 44 feet long
and 15 feet wide, and 11.5 feet high.
It is estimated to weigh between 570-630 tons.
It was used to stabilize the smaller stones below it.
It is believed to be the largest stone
ever set by humans without
The Western Wall tunnel is an underground tunnel
that exposes the full length of the Western Wall.
The tunnel is adjacent to the Western Wall
and is located under buildings of the Old City of Jerusalem.
The open- air part of the Western Wall is about 200 feet long.
The tunnel allows access to an additional 1,591 feet of the wall.
In 19 BC, King Herod began a project
to double the area of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
The plan was to incorporate the hill on the NW.
So they built 4 retaining walls,
and the Temple Mount was expanded on top of them.
The excavations show many of the Herodian features,
(large stones, streets, and arches)
as well as later additions.
British researchers began to excavate the Western Wall
in the mid 19th century-
including Charles Wilson and Charles Warren.
Warren's Gate is about 150 feet into the tunnel.
The sealed- off entrance was for
hundreds of years a small synagogue called
- THE CAVE.
This is where the early Muslims
let the Jews pray
in a spot that was very close
to the ruins of the temple.
These are the actual stone pavements
that would have been walked on 2000 years ago.
Columns found from the Herodian street level.